ATHENS APART FROM PARTHENON

1821 FRIENDS OF GREECE-PHILHELLENISM

1821 FRIENDS OF GREECE playmobil.1.

Philhellenism ("the love of Greek culture") and philhellene ("the admirer of Greeks and everything Greek"), from the Greek φίλος philos "friend, lover" and ἑλληνισμός hellênismos "Greek", was an intellectual movement prominent mostly at the turn of the 19th century. It contributed to the sentiments that led Europeans such as Lord Byron or Charles Nicolas Fabvier to advocate for Greek independence from the Ottoman Empire.The later 19th-century European philhellenism was largely to be found among the Classicists.



In antiquity, the term philhellene (Greek: φιλέλλην, from φίλος - philos, "dear one, friend" + Έλλην - Hellen, "Greek") was used to describe both non-Greeks who were fond of Greek culture and Greeks who patriotically upheld their culture. The Liddell-Scott Greek-English Lexicon defines 'philhellene' as "fond of the Hellenes, mostly of foreign princes, as Amasis; of Parthian kings also of Hellenic tyrants, as Jason of Pherae and generally of Hellenic (Greek) patriots.



Some examples: Evagoras of Cyprus and Philip II were both called "philhellenes" by Isocrates The early rulers of the Parthian Empire, starting with Mithridates I (r. 171 – 132 BC), used the title of philhellenes on their coins, which was a political act done in order to establish friendly relations with their Greek subjects. Click for complete WIKI...

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