Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the Neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century in Italy and France. The development of archaeology was crucial in the emergence of Neoclassical architecture. Excavation sites like those in Pompeii and Herculaneum allowed architects to make in depth interpretations of Classical architecture and synthesize their own unique style.

In form, Neoclassical architecture emphasizes the wall rather than chiaroscuro and maintains separate identities to each of its parts. The style is manifested both in its details as a reaction against the Rococo style of naturalistic ornament, and in its architectural formulae as an outgrowth of some classicising features of the Late Baroque architectural tradition. Therefore, the style defined by symmetry, simple geometry, and social demands instead of ornament. The classical architecture of today's architects must come under the heading of New Classicism.

The movement defined historically as Neoclassicism is specific to a historical period. Classical architecture, an ages old tradition that continues today, is distinct from this circumscribed attempt at a "scientific" study of Greece and Rome. There is Neoclassical Architecture, a specific style and moment in the late 18th and early 19th centuries that was specifically associated with the Enlightenment, empiricism, and the study of sites by early archaeologists. Classical architecture after about 1840 must be classified as one of a series of "revival" styles, such as Greek, Renaissance, or Italianate. Nineteenth century historians have made this clear since the 1970s. Classical architecture during the twentieth century should be seen as more than a revival, but instead a return to a style thought to have disappeared with the advent of Modernism, but really vital as ever. Click for complete WIKI...

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